Coronavirus Update: Hopes that children will soon be eligible for Pfizer ...

There was encouraging news for parents on Thursday when Pfizer and German partner BioNTech said they have submitted an application for emergency use authorization for their COVID-19 vaccine in children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old. The Food and Drug Administration will now review the safety and efficacy of the vaccine before deciding whether to authorize the shot for that patient group. The companies said late September that initial data from a late-stage trial of the vaccine in that age group showed it was safe and effective and said data from a trial in children aged 6 months to less than 2 years of age would come in the fourth quarter. The news has come as a relief for some parents who have worried about the children’s exposure to the virus now they are back in school settings. U.S. new case numbers and hospitalizations have steadily declined in recent weeks, according to a New York Times tracker, although several hot spots remain, including Alaska where some hospitals are rationing care. But the daily death toll remains above 1,800, even though that’s an improvement from recent weeks when it held above 2,000. Experts and White House officials continue to urge unvaccinated people to get their shots, as they account for the majority of cases and deaths. The U.S. has fully vaccinated abut 56% of its overall population, according to the CDC’s vaccine tracker, a number that has remained relatively static for weeks. Read: U.S. COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations continue to decline, but experts lament preventable deaths that have pushed toll above 700,000 Related: Are you allowed to ask your doctors and nurses if they’re vaccinated? And do they have to answer? President Joe Biden will visit Chicago on Thursday to push his message on vaccine requirements, a tool the White House has been using to help contain the spread. The administration will also release a report on how vaccine requirements are helping to drive up vaccine rates, put people back to work and bolster the economy, a White House official said in emailed comments. See: Biden seeks to get 70% of world vaccinated within a year “The President’s message will be clear: Vaccination requirements work,” said the official. “Vaccination requirements get more people vaccinated, helping to end the pandemic and strengthen the economy. That’s why he’s leading on implementing vaccination requirements for 100 million workers – two-thirds of all workers in the U.S. And that’s why we’re seeing growing momentum for vaccination requirements across sectors and across the country.” The news comes after the White House said it would purchase $1 billion of rapid, at-home tests to boost the nation’s testing program. In medical news, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that women have higher protection against the virus following a second shot of the Pfizer/BioNTech PFE, +1.96% BNTX, +5.50% vaccine than men but that both genders see immunity wane within months of being fully inoculated. The study involved more than 4,800 vaccinated healthcare workers in Israel and was conducted from December to July. A separate study published in the journal Pediatrics Thursday found the sad news that more than 140,000 children in the U.S. have lost a parent or a grandparent that was a primary caregiver to COVID during the pandemic, the majority of whom are children of color. The study covered losses from April 1, 2020 to end-June. Since then the authors estimate the number has grown to 175,000. “The risk of such loss was 1.1 to 4.5 times higher among children of racial and ethnic minorities, compared to non-Hispanic White children,” the authors wrote. “The highest burden of COVID-19-associated death of parents and caregiversoccurred in Southern border states for Hispanic children, Southeastern states for Black children, and in states with tribal areas for American Indian/Alaska Native populations.” See also: ‘Do I just suffer and hope things get better?’ COVID-19 long haulers face fears of reinfection, unvaccinated Americans and medical bills Elsewhere, a number of Nordic countries, including Denmark, Finland and Sweden are limiting the use of the Moderna vaccine to certain age groups over concerns about rare cases of myocarditis and pericarditis in younger people who have received the vaccine. The news sent Moderna shares MRNA, +4.26% down earlier. See now: Allowing people to mix COVID-19 vaccines could cut into Pfizer and Moderna’s revenue next year Australia’s biggest city Sydney will emerge from a 106-day lockdown next Monday, after officials confirmed that vaccination goals have been met, AFP reported. Stay-at-home orders will be lifted for the Harbour City’s five-million-plus people now that 70 percent of state residents over 16 have been double jabbed. The World Health Organization has started to ship medical products to North Korea, the Washington Post reported, in a sign that the secretive country is looking for outside help. Nor

Coronavirus Update: Hopes that children will soon be eligible for Pfizer ...

There was encouraging news for parents on Thursday when Pfizer and German partner BioNTech said they have submitted an application for emergency use authorization for their COVID-19 vaccine in children between the ages of 5 and 11 years old.

The Food and Drug Administration will now review the safety and efficacy of the vaccine before deciding whether to authorize the shot for that patient group. The companies said late September that initial data from a late-stage trial of the vaccine in that age group showed it was safe and effective and said data from a trial in children aged 6 months to less than 2 years of age would come in the fourth quarter.

The news has come as a relief for some parents who have worried about the children’s exposure to the virus now they are back in school settings.

U.S. new case numbers and hospitalizations have steadily declined in recent weeks, according to a New York Times tracker, although several hot spots remain, including Alaska where some hospitals are rationing care. But the daily death toll remains above 1,800, even though that’s an improvement from recent weeks when it held above 2,000.

Experts and White House officials continue to urge unvaccinated people to get their shots, as they account for the majority of cases and deaths. The U.S. has fully vaccinated abut 56% of its overall population, according to the CDC’s vaccine tracker, a number that has remained relatively static for weeks.

Read: U.S. COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations continue to decline, but experts lament preventable deaths that have pushed toll above 700,000

Related: Are you allowed to ask your doctors and nurses if they’re vaccinated? And do they have to answer?

President Joe Biden will visit Chicago on Thursday to push his message on vaccine requirements, a tool the White House has been using to help contain the spread. The administration will also release a report on how vaccine requirements are helping to drive up vaccine rates, put people back to work and bolster the economy, a White House official said in emailed comments.

See: Biden seeks to get 70% of world vaccinated within a year

“The President’s message will be clear: Vaccination requirements work,” said the official. “Vaccination requirements get more people vaccinated, helping to end the pandemic and strengthen the economy. That’s why he’s leading on implementing vaccination requirements for 100 million workers – two-thirds of all workers in the U.S. And that’s why we’re seeing growing momentum for vaccination requirements across sectors and across the country.”

The news comes after the White House said it would purchase $1 billion of rapid, at-home tests to boost the nation’s testing program.

In medical news, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that women have higher protection against the virus following a second shot of the Pfizer/BioNTech PFE, +1.96% BNTX, +5.50% vaccine than men but that both genders see immunity wane within months of being fully inoculated.

The study involved more than 4,800 vaccinated healthcare workers in Israel and was conducted from December to July.

A separate study published in the journal Pediatrics Thursday found the sad news that more than 140,000 children in the U.S. have lost a parent or a grandparent that was a primary caregiver to COVID during the pandemic, the majority of whom are children of color. The study covered losses from April 1, 2020 to end-June. Since then the authors estimate the number has grown to 175,000.

“The risk of such loss was 1.1 to 4.5 times higher among children of racial and ethnic minorities, compared to non-Hispanic White children,” the authors wrote. “The highest burden of COVID-19-associated death of parents and caregivers
occurred in Southern border states for Hispanic children, Southeastern states for Black children, and in states with tribal areas for American Indian/Alaska Native populations.”

See also: ‘Do I just suffer and hope things get better?’ COVID-19 long haulers face fears of reinfection, unvaccinated Americans and medical bills

Elsewhere, a number of Nordic countries, including Denmark, Finland and Sweden are limiting the use of the Moderna vaccine to certain age groups over concerns about rare cases of myocarditis and pericarditis in younger people who have received the vaccine. The news sent Moderna shares MRNA, +4.26% down earlier.

See now: Allowing people to mix COVID-19 vaccines could cut into Pfizer and Moderna’s revenue next year

Australia’s biggest city Sydney will emerge from a 106-day lockdown next Monday, after officials confirmed that vaccination goals have been met, AFP reported. Stay-at-home orders will be lifted for the Harbour City’s five-million-plus people now that 70 percent of state residents over 16 have been double jabbed.

The World Health Organization has started to ship medical products to North Korea, the Washington Post reported, in a sign that the secretive country is looking for outside help. North Korea has long denied having any COVID cases, despite a long and highly porous border with China.

The first batch of AstraZeneca AZN, +1.17% AZN, +1.13% vaccine has reached the Antarctic, the BBC reported, where it will be used to immunize 23 staff members at the British Rothera research station running through the polar winter.

As the Delta variant sweeps the globe, scientists are learning more about why new versions of the coronavirus spread faster, and what this could mean for vaccine efforts. The spike protein, which gives the virus its unmistakable shape, may hold the key. Illustration: Nick Collingwood/WSJ
Latest tallies

The global tally for the coronavirus-borne illness climbed above 236.6 million on Thursday, while the death toll rose above 4.83 million, according to data aggregated by Johns Hopkins University.

The U.S. continues to lead the world with a total of 44 million cases and 707,799 deaths.

 India is second by cases after the U.S. at 33.9 million and has suffered 449,856 deaths. Brazil has second highest death toll at 599,359 and 21.5 million cases.

In Europe, Russia has most fatalities at 209,752 followed by the U.K. at 137,694.

China, where the virus was first discovered late in 2019, has had 108,662 confirmed cases and 4,809 deaths, according to its official numbers, which are widely held to be massively underreported.